Lesson 1, Topic 2
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1.2 Types of Robots

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There are five types of robots which vary in shape, sizes and functionality.These robots can be used in many applications like medical,industry sectors etc.The types of robots are:

  1. Pre-Programmed Robots
  2. Humanoid Robots
  3. Autonomous Robots
  4. Tele-operated Robots
  5. Augmenting Robots

1. Pre-Programmed Robots: 

Pre-programmed robots are the robots which are given the instruction about the task that they have to perform and then they execute the task given. These robots operate in a controlled environment where they do simple, monotonous tasks. An example of a pre-programmed robot would be a mechanical arm on an automotive assembly line.

2. Humanoid Robots

Humanoid robots are robots which can act as a human. These robots have the ability to the think, learn and solve any problem just as a human being.These robots perform human-like activities (like running, jumping and comparing), and are sometimes designed to look like us, even having human faces and expressions. Examples of humanoid robots are Hanson Robotics’ Sophia and Boston Dynamics Atlas.

3. Autonomous Robots:

Autonomous robots are the intelligent robots which can perform tasks by themselves without any human interference.These robots are usually designed to carry out tasks in environment.Autonomous robots work with the environment using different sensing materials like camera, scanners, spectrometers.

4. Tele-operated Robots :

Teleoperated robots are semi-autonomous robots which work on the command given by human being.It operates using a wireless network to enable human control from a safe distance.Examples of teleoperated robots are Puma560, the human-controlled submarines or drones used to detect landmines on a battlefield.

5. Augmenting Robots :

Augmenting robots are the robots which help in enhancing the human capabilities or replace the capabilities of a human which are removed due to some miss happening.It’s a field where science fiction could become reality very soon, with bots that have the ability to make humans faster and stronger. Some examples of current augmenting robots are robotic prosthetic limbs used to lift hefty weights.The LUKE arm is a modular prosthetic arm.